A parka or anorak: A Dress as an Overcoat or Symbol to Identify the Median Dress Culture
Parka or Anurak is a kind of surface covering that is also a symbol of a subculture called Mad and is known as a garment to identify the Median subculture.
The title of the garment always has broader issues than a word. Based on the title of the dress, one can get features such as gender and its cultural status. In this regard, some questions have been raised about the literal meaning of Parka. Which area is the birthplace of Parka?
According to one of our places of residence, Iran, what is the position of Parka in this area and what is the equivalent of clothing? On the other hand, clothing is known as a kind of cultural manifestation. So that a specific dress has become a symbol of some social movements. Hence, the historical study of the park shows how it relates to the Median subculture.
1. What does Parka or Anurak mean and where does it come from?
Parka (anorak) is a type of hooded coat. Which is often covered with natural or artificial fur. In fact, the word parka means animal skin and its use goes back to the cold regions of Russia and Canada. Eskimos who were mostly engaged in activities such as boating and hunting. They wore parka to save themselves from the cold.
Sea lion skin was used to prepare it. On the other hand, to insulate the parka against water, it was covered with fish oil. Due to the fact that the main use of the parka is to protect the body against cold and moisture. Most of them are taller than other jackets.
2. Besides the similarities, is there a difference between Parka and Anurak?
Parka and Anurak are often considered one. But when searching, we find a slight difference between the two covers. Today, parka is a hooded cover with a fur lining. Anurak is also a hooded and park-like cover. However, it does not have fur on the lining and the edge of the hat.
Therefore, this hooded cover is often closed and can be used in seasons other than winter. This cover is sometimes used as a parka (spring parka). In general, the above distinction can be rejected by introducing a British singer named Liam Gallagher. As Parka introduces herself, her cover has features similar to Anurak. Fur-free cover and leather liner.
3. The equivalent of the word Parka or Anurak in Persian and its study in the current coverage of Iranian youth
In Persian, we often deal with winter clothing as a jacket. Jacket is originally a Russian word. And in Russian it is equivalent to Parka. It seems that the Iranians used the Russian equivalent of the word because of its proximity to Russia. Perhaps the first examples of it entered this land from Russia.
Therefore, in Persian Wikipedia, the equivalent of the word parka, jacket is used. Due to the growing tendency of today’s youth in Iran, they have found a cover called hoodie (or the same as a hooded cover). We can also consider the emergence of Anurak among Iranians with this title.
4. How did the revival of the Parka take place in the 1950s and then become popular?
Parka was used to cover American soldiers in World War II while giving the wearer the ability to withstand temperatures as low as minus 51 degrees. It was therefore first used for pilots who may have landed in the Arctic, and then continued in other wars, such as the Korean War, under the guise of American troops. And like any other military cover, it gradually entered the market and was well received by the public.
The interesting thing about the soldiers’ park is that they were distinguished by numbers and abbreviations. In different situations, people each wore a special park according to their responsibilities. The brief differences between them were: parka height, gender, zipper front or button front .
5. Parka as a symbol of the mod cultural movement
The Median subculture, formed in the 1950s by a section of British youth, was a modern and completely modern movement. By choosing a style of jazz, the young people wanted to take a completely different path from their fathers. Therefore, they took the lead in consuming clothes by choosing Parka and creating a new style. In this style, the person’s body looked exaggerated compared to the big head.
Its culmination can be seen in the styles of the sixties and especially in the movie Quadrophenia. Young people belonging to this movement are often identified with their scooters.
Conclusion of Parka or Anorak:
Descent means parka goes back to the cold polar regions and means the skin of animals. The first examples of parka can be seen on the bodies of Eskimos. Therefore, it has been used in Russia and Canada due to its cold polar regions. Due to the proximity of Iran and Russia in Iran, we know this cover as a jacket, which is the Russian equivalent of a parka.
The parka was widely used after its use in World War II. This caused it to occur in some cultural movements, such as the Medes. The Medes wore parkas and rode scooters. Therefore, the park also protected them from cold and rain. In fact, Parka met the spiritual needs of modern youth by maintaining the originality of warmth. So much so that British singer Liam Gallagher introduces Parca as the only element of her wardrobe.